Life without Glasses. The LASIK (Laser in-situ Keratomileusis) is an eye surgery for correction of optical refractive error and the engagement is the most widely used method within the refractive surgery. Laser method has been applied since 1990. This includes raising a slice of the cornea with laser light. Mainly, the cornea of the eye is removed and re-modeled, so that the visual acuity improved immediately and permanently.
LASIK is a scientifically recognized procedure for the correction of nearsightedness (myopia) to about -10 diopters, farsightedness (hyperopia) up to +6 diopters and astigmatism to about 6 diopters.
Preparation for a LASIK Eye Surgery
1. Contact lenses affect the cornea, so the lenses should not be used during the period before treatment. It is advisable to refrain on soft contact lenses about 2 weeks before the operation and on hard lenses even 4 weeks.
2. The refraction should be measured 2 weeks prior to the laser procedure either by an ophthalmologist or an optometrist.
3. You can make your eye refraction test already in your country and send us the result by e-mail before your trip, for the evaluation of the ophthalmologist.
4. The expectations of the result are different from patient to patient. Therefore, the specialist should explain the treatment to the patient in advance to inquire about the patient’s expectations.
5. After a detailed examination of specialist and measurement of the eye the current refractive error should be determined.
6. 1 day prior to surgery, the corneal thickness using a dilating eye drops and a pachymetry should be noted. The more myopic the patient is, the more cornea has to be removed. An essential prerequisite for a LASIK treatment is a sufficiently thick cornea. Too thin cornea is regarded as strict contraindication. If the cornea is too thin, it is recommended to cancel the operation for patient’s safety. In such situations, the doctor may recommend his patient the alternative operation by PRK Method (Photorefractive Keratectomy).
7. One day before the treatment, the patient is advised by the doctor and the method of operation to be performed should be determined.
The operation process
1 day after the consultation of specialist and precisely measurement of the eyes, the treatment begins:
1. First, the lids are disinfected. They must be kept open during the entire treatment.
2. Then the eye is numbed using anesthetic eye drops.
3. In the process, the top layer of the cornea is cut thin by a computer-controlled precision knife.
4. A flap is generated in a few seconds and folded to the side.
5. Then the calculated tissue is removed and the refractive error is corrected by “grinding” of the cornea with the laser.
6. After the laser treatment the flap is folded back and modeled in the original position.
7. During the treatment, your doctor will tell you the process step by step and in detail.
The post-treatment of a LASIK Eye Surgery
One day after treatment, and sometimes even two days later (at the third day of your travel), the first follow-up examinations are performed by ophthalmologist. In addition, anti-inflammatory eye drops are taken for a few days several times daily.
After treatment, the patient can wear sunglasses to protect his/her eyes from initial increased sensitivity to light and he/she should avoid the following:
– Rubbing the eye in the first days after the operation under any circumstances,
– Activities such as spending long hours watching TV, computer or reading, which strains your eyes,
– Eye makeup,
– No water or soap should run in the eye, e.g. while showering or shampooing,
– Driving at night should be avoided for a period,
– Dusty and very dirty work environments should be avoided in the first few days.
Light sports activities can be started normally after about 2 weeks. However, the sports with higher loads (e.g. swimming, diving) are permitted no earlier than 8 weeks after the operation.
LASIK is considered to be very comfortable, fast and safe. With the usage of anesthetic drops, the operation is usually completely painless; as well as the short healing process. The success of treatment is often visible on the day of surgery. Visual acuity is completely restored within short time.
Possible risks of LASIK treatment
At a Laser Eye Surgery complication rate is less than one percent and these complications can be eliminated usually permanent. For this reason, the LASIK procedure is approved and classified as safe by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). A foreign body feeling in the eye and slight burning after the procedure usually disappears in a few hours. Dry eyes can occur after the surgery. This discomfort can be treated well by special eye drops. Side effects, such as foreign body sensation or glare, often disappear by itself in the first 4-6 weeks. However, one cannot speak from a complication. Rarely, the patient uses a slight additional correction glasses after surgery.
LASIK should not be performed if chronic progressive corneal disorders (E.g. Keratoconus) are present. If the refraction of the patient is not stable, LASIK operation should not be carried out. Other eye diseases, where a LASIK should not be carried out, are Glaucoma (visual field loss) and symptomatic cataract. General diseases that preclude a LASIK operation are collagen vascular diseases, autoimmune disease and wound healing diseases.
We would be happy if we can give you a first overview and our consultants will be happy to provide you further information. Your satisfaction is our most important concern.
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